Sementes de indica
In 1783, French Naturalist, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck came across a new type of cannabis that was distinct and different from the already discovered sativa species.
He named it Cannabis indica. This species had adapted to its harsh growing environment in countries like Afghanistan, India, Turkey and Morocco and developed some unique characteristics than other cannabis species.
If you want to read more about the origins of cannabis indica, check out our blog post.
Cannabis indica hails from the rocky, environmentally-hostile Hindu Kush Mountains in the Middle East. Visually, they are short (roughly 3-4 feet high) and densely branched with broad leaves. These leaves are a dark, forest green colour, due to a higher concentration of chlorophyll.
To protect itself from the harsh, turbulent conditions, indica developed the ability to produce resin; a sticky, organic substance produced by plants. The "resin" is very dense in cannabis which generally makes indica strains very potent. The buds are compact and extremely dense because their blossoms tend to stick closer to nodes along the stem when they flower. As a result, indica buds look full and feel firm when touched.
Another aesthetic quality of indica is the purple colouring in the plant. Since indica plants are native to colder climates, they are more likely to express purple colouration. In both recreational and medical circles, this has long been the most common and accessible way to distinguish different types of cannabis. There is technically a third type of cannabis-derived from hybridisation of sativa and Indica, called Ruderalis.
Ruderalis were first known as indica-dominant strains originating primarily out of Central Asian countries such as Afghanistan and Nepal. Their leaves are broader, and the plants are typically shorter and bushier than sativa strains. They tend to have a higher THC level and are suited to night time use, as they have a more subdued and sedative feeling.
Indica has a shorter flowering period, which makes them a popular choice for many experienced growers; indoor growers can have more annual cycles when growing, and outdoor growers can confidently cultivate in climates where fall quickly turns to winter.
The flowering period for indica strains is typically around eight weeks. Their cultivation conditions are easy to manage as well, both indoor and outdoor.
Therapeutic benefits of Indica:
To this day, indica strains are associated with very relaxing and sedating effects.
Indica strains are often recommended for night time use because many patients find them helpful for promoting sleep. Indica is often associated with what people believe is a “high”, when physical senses are heightened while listening to music, eating food or touching different textures.
Research explains the reason most indica strains are attributed to feelings of sedation has more to do with the concentration of the terpene myrcene than it does the cannabinoid content or the structure of the plant. This makes Indica far more valuable for cultivators than they are for consumers. Hopefully Cultivating and growing Indica plants soon be rewarding for patients as well.
CharacteristicsYield 500gr - 600gr/m2Flowers 56 - 70 days
CharacteristicsYield 400gr - 500gr/m2Flowers 49 - 63 days
CharacteristicsThc 25%+Flowers 63 days
CharacteristicsYield 350 - 450 gr/m2Flowers 60 - 70 days from germination
CharacteristicsThc 20% - 23%Flowers 65 - 70 days
CharacteristicsYield 350gr - 450gr/m2Flowers 56 - 70 days
CharacteristicsYield Up to 1kg/plant outdoorsFlowers 50 - 65 days
CharacteristicsThc 16%Yield Indoors: 350 - 400 gr/m2Flowers 65-70 days
CharacteristicsYield Indoora: 250-350 gr/m2 & Outdoors: 60- 150 gr/plantFlowers 7 - 9 weeks
CharacteristicsYield interior: 350 - 450 g/m2Flowers 7-9 weeks
CharacteristicsYield 250 - 300 gr/m2Flowers 764 - 68 days
CharacteristicsYield 200 - 280 gr/m2Flowers 64 - 68 days